Ratchaburi Province

Ratchaburi Province is a medium-sized province with an area of ​​about 5,196 square kilometers (2,006 sq mi). The eastern part of the province contains the flat flood plains of Mae Klong, crossed by many khlongs.The most famous tourist spot in this area is the Damnoen Saduak Floating Market. The western part of the province is more mountainous and includes the Tenasserim Hills. Since the mountains are mostly made of limestone, there are several caves that contain stalactites. Some caves are inhabited by large colonies of bats, and it is an impressive sight when they swarm out in the evening to feed. Other caves like Khao Bin are available for visitors. The main river in the western part is the Phachi River. On the left bank of Phachi is Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park.The area of ​​Ratchaburi Province is divided into three parts. First, the border in the west, which is shared with Myanmar and is about 60 kilometers (37 mi) long. The other contains the Tenasserim mountains and forests with a height of about 200-300 meters. The central area of ​​the province is rich in wetlands due to the river flow. Ratchaburi has important natural resources in its forest, of which it covers an area of ​​1,711 km2 (661 sq mi) or 33 percent of the provincial area. In addition, it has minerals such as tin, tantalum, feldspar, quartz, limestone and marl.

History of the city of Ratchaburi 

The history of the city of Ratchaburi dates back to the Dvaravati period, when it was an important city in the Mon kingdom. Of the city of Khu Bua nearby, only ruins remain.According to legend, it dates back to the mythical Suvannabhumi kingdom that predates Dvaravati."Ratchaburi" means 'land of the king'.Ratchaburi dates back to ancient times and was important during the Dvaravati period. The city of Ratchburi is located on the banks of the Mae Klong River and was a city of the Suvarnabhumi Kingdom. From evidence of archaeological sites and many antiquities, believed that people have settled in this area since the Middle Stone Age, as well as discovering an ancient city of the Dvaravati period in Mueang Ratchaburi district. King Rama I used to take a position as the Royal Yokkrabat of Ratchaburi in the late Ayutthaya period. In the late Ayutthaya period and the early Rattanakosin period, there is historical evidence that Ratchaburi is an important border town, it is a battlefield in many ages. Especially during the reign of King Rama, you have brought troops to establish the Burmese battle in the Ratchaburi area many times, the most important being the Burmese-Siamese War (1785-1786).

Later in 1817, in the reign of King Rama II ordered to build a new city wall on the left bank of the Mae Klong River until now. In the reign of King Rama V in 1894, the government has changed and included the city that are close together to set up as counties and included the city of Ratchaburi, Kanchanaburi, Samut Songkhram, Phetchaburi, Pran Buri and Prachuap Khiri Khan to set up as Ratchaburi county. Until 1933, when all counties were abolished, Ratchaburi County was abolished and retained its status as Ratchaburi Province until now.

Ratchaburi Province

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